Jennifer Mulholland, in collaboration with Raymond Triquet.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD:
Group 9 Companion and Toy dogs
2 Poodle Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
French word “caniche” (Poodle) comes from “cane”, the French word for a
female duck. In other countries, the name of the breed is associated
with splashing around in water. Originally, this dog was used for
wildfowling. It descends from the Barbet of which it has conserved many
characteristics. In 1743, it was called the “caniche”: the female of
the barbet in French. Thereafter the Barbet and the Caniche (Poodle)
were gradually separated. Breeders worked hard to obtain original
subjects of uniform colour. The Poodle became very popular as a
companion dog because of its friendly, joyful and loyal character and
also because of its four sizes and different colours which everyone can
choose according to preference.
Dog of medium
proportions, with a characteristic frizzy coat which is either curly or
corded. The appearance is that of an intelligent dog, constantly alert
and active, harmoniously built, giving an impression of elegance and
length of the muzzle is approximately 9/10ths of that of
length of the body (scapular ischial) is slightly superior to the
height at withers.
height at withers is practically equal to the height at the croup.
height at the elbow is 5/9ths of the height at withers.
A dog renowned for its
loyalty, capable of learning and being trained thus making it a
particularly pleasant companion dog.
rectilinear and in proportion to the body. The head must be well
chiselled and neither heavy nor excessively fine.
Its width is less than half the length of the head. The entire skull,
seen from above, appears oval and seen from the side slightly convex.
The axes of skull and muzzle are slightly divergent.
Moderately pronounced and covered with long hair.
Wide between the eyes, narrowing towards the occiput ,which is very
pronounced. (In Miniatures it can be slightly less pronounced).
Only slightly pronounced.
Developed, vertical profile; open nostrils. Black nose in black, white
and grey subjects; brown nose in brown subjects. In orange fawn
(apricot) or red fawn subjects the nose is brown or black.
Upper profile is perfectly straight; its length is approximately
9/10ths of that of the skull. The branches of the lower jaw are almost
parallel. The muzzle is strong.
The lower profile of
the muzzle is determined by the lower jaw and not by the edge of the
Moderately developed, rather tight, of medium thickness with the upper
lip resting on the lower lip without hanging over it. Black in black,
white and grey subjects; brown in brown subjects. In orange fawn
(apricot) and red fawn subjects, the lips are more or less dark brown or
black. The corner of the lips must not be pronounced.
Scissor bite. Strong teeth.
Not prominent, shaped on the bones. The sub-orbital regions are
chiselled and very slightly filled. Zygomatic arches very slightly
expression, placed at the level of the stop and slightly oblique. Almond
shaped. Black or dark brown colour. In brown subjects the colour may be
The rims are black in black, white and grey subjects. In orange fawn
(apricot) or red fawn subjects they may be brown or black.
long, falling along the cheeks, set on in the prolongation of a line
going from the top of the nose and passing under the outer corner of the
eye; flat, widening after the attachment and rounded at the tip, they
are covered with very long, wavy hair. The leather should reach the
corner of the lips.
Strong ,slightly arched after the nape, of medium length and well
porportioned. The head is carried high and proudly. The neck, without
dewlap, is of oval cross section. Its length is slightly less than that
of the head.
Well porprotioned. The length is slightly superior to height at withers.
Short. Topline harmonious and taut. The height at withers is practically
equal to the height from the top of the croup to the ground.
Firm and muscled.
Rounded but not falling away.
The point of the sternum should be slightly prominent and set rather
Reaching the elbow; its width is equal to 2/3 of depth. In Standard
Poodles, the perimeter of the thorax, measured behind the shoulders,
should be superior by 10 cms to the height at withers. Oval cross
section, broad at dorsal part.
Belly & Flanks:
Tucked up but not excessively so.
Set on quite high at the level of the loin. It can be either natural or
docked by 1/3 closest to the body or by 1/2 of its length in countries
where tail docking is not forbidden. When standing the tail is low; in
action it is raised obliquely.
Perfectly upright and parallel, well muscled with good bone. The height
from the elbow to the ground is slightly more than half the height at
Sloping, muscular. The shoulder blade forms an angle of approximately
110° to the humerus.
The length of the humerus corresponds to that of the shoulder blade.
In continuous line with front of forearm.
Strong and almost upright seen in profile.
Rather small, firm, of short oval shape. Toes are well arched and tight
fitting. The pads are hard and thick. The nails are black in black and
grey subjects. They are black or brown in brown subjects. In whites the
nails may be any colour in the range from horn colour to black. In the
orange fawns and red fawns they are brown or black.
Hind legs parallel seen from behind; muscles developed and very
apparent. The hock joint is relatively well angulated; the coxal-femoral,
tibial-femoral and tibial-tarsal angles should be pronounced.
Well muscled and strong.
Metatarsus (rear pastern):
Rather short and upright. The Poodle should be born without dewclaws on
the hind legs.
See front feet.
The Poodle has a light and springy gait.
Supple, not loose, pigmented.
Black, brown, grey and
orange fawn or red fawn Poodles must be pigmented in accordance with the
colour of their coat. In white Poodles, a silver coloured skin is
Curly Coats: Profuse
of fine, woolly texture, very frizzy, elastic and resistant to pressure
of the hand. It should be thick, well furnished, of equal length and
form even curls.
Corded Coats: Profuse
of fine, woolly texture and dense, forming characteristic cords which
should measure at least 20 cm.
Solid colour: black, white, brown, grey, orange fawn (apricot) and red
Should be deep, rather dark, uniform and warm. Beige and its paler
derivatives are not admitted.
Must be uniform, deep, neither blackish nor whitish.
Must be uniform without tending to pale fawn, cream or red fawn.
Must be uniform over the entire body. It must never tend to orange fawn.
Eyelids, nose, lips,
gums, palate, natural orifices, scrotum and pads are well pigmented.
Standard Poodles: Over
45cm up to 60cm with a tolerance of +2cm. The Standard Poodle must be
the enlarged and developed replica of the Medium Poodle of which it
retains the same characteristics.
Over 35 cm up to 45cm.
Over 28cm up to 35cm. The Miniature Poodle must display the
apprearance of a reduced Medium Poodle, retaining as much as possible
the same proportions and without presenting any sign of dwarfism.
Poodles: Over 24 cm
up to 28 cm (sought after ideal: 25cm) (with a tolerance of -1cm). The
Toy Poodle maintains, in its ensemble, the aspect of a Miniature Poodle
and the same general proportions complying with all the points of the
standard. Any sign of dwarfism is excluded; only the occipital
protuberance may be less pronounced.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and
the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in
exact proportion to its degree.
or sway back.
set on too low.
Absence of 2PM1 is not taken into account.
Absence of one or two PM2, if symmetrical.
Absence of M3 is not taken into account.
Partially depigmented nose.
Arched bridge of nose.
Absence of two PM2 if not symmetrical.
too big or sunken, not dark enough.
curved over the back.
anuglations too straight.
Flowing or extended gait.
Sparse, soft or harsh hair.
Colour not clearly defined or not uniform: blackish grey or whitish
grey, washed out fawn, cream, beige in browns or very dark brown.
Aggressive or overly shy.
of type, particularly in head.
Overshot or undershot.
Absence of 1 incisor or 1 canine or 1 carnassial (P4 upper jaw, M1
Absence of one PM3 or of one PM4
Absence of three or more PM (except PM1)
Absence of tail or naturally short tail.
Dewclaws or evidence of dewclaws on rear limbs.
which is not solid colour.
hairs on feet.
Height exceeding 62cm in Standards and inferior to 23cm in Toys.
subject displaying signs of dwarfism, globulous skull, absence of
occipital protuberance, very pronounced stop, prominent eyes muzzle
too short and turned up, receding chin.
Median furrow practically inexistant.
light bone in Toys.
curled with the tip falling over the flank or the croup.
Any dog clearly
showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. Male animals
should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the
Addition to Standard
AUTHORIZED SHOW CLIPS
The Poodle, whether curly or corded, shall be clipped on the
hindquarters up to the ribs.
Also clipped: the muzzle, above and underneath from the lower eyelids;
the cheeks; the fore and hindlegs, except for the cuffs or bracelets and
optional motifs on the hindquarters; the tail, except for round or
oblong terminal pompom. A moustache is required for all subjects.
Leaving hair, called “trousers” , on the forelegs is admitted.
Leaving hair on all four legs is only admitted
on condition that the following norms are respected:
Shall be clipped:
a) The lower part of the forelegs, from the nails to the tip of
the dewclaw, the lower part of the hindlegs
to the same height. Machine clipping, limited to the toes
only, is admitted.
b) The head and the tail in compliance with rules described above.
Shall be exceptionally admitted in this
clip: The presence, under the lower jaw, of short hair no
longer than 1cm the lower line of which should
be cut parallel to the lower jaw. A beard, called “goat’s
beard” , is not permitted.
The suppression of the pompom on the tail.
Over the body, in order to give “shot silk”
effect on the line of the back, more or less long but at least
1cm. The length shall be gradually increased over the ribs and
above the limbs.
a) On the head which keeps a topknot of
reasonable height as well as down behind the neck to the withers
and the front, without discontinuity, to the shaven part of the
foot following a slightly slanting line from the top of the
forechest downwards. On the top of the ears and for a maximum of
one third of their length, the coat may be cut with scissors or
clipped in the direction of the hair. The lower part shall be left
covered in hair whose length shall increase gradually, from top to
bottom, to end in fringes which may be levelled.
b) On the limbs, “trousers” making a distinct
transition from the shaven part of the feet. The length of the
hair increases gradully towards the top to display, on the
shoulder and likewise the thigh, a length of 4 to 7 cm measured
by pulling the hair to straighten it, in proportion to the size of
the exhibit while avoiding any “fluffy” effect. The hind
“trousers” must allow for the typical angulation of the Poodle to
be seen. All other fancy clips which do not comply with these
norms are eliminatory. Whatever the standard outline obtained by
grooming, it should have no influence whatsoever on the
placements in shows, all exhibits in the same class should be
judged and placed together.
To the “Lion Clip” add
motifs on the hindquarters, i.e. bracelets and cuffs. On the head: a
topknot. For this clip the moustache is optional. The absence of
demarcation on the hair of the hindquarters is tolerated. The topknot
is optional (it is forbidden to use lacquer or any other substance to
keep the topknot in place).
Poodles which are not
groomed in conformity with the standard cannot (as long as they are like
this) be judged in shows or official events, without however being
disqualified for breeding purposes.